Book Overviews · Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy Overview

Tomorrow we begin Deuteronomy! If you cannot wait,  start tonight! Click here.

Deuteronomy in Hebrew is ‘Elleh Haddebarim meaning “These Are the Words”.  The Greek translation to English is “Second Law”.  The entire generation that fled Egypt in the Exodus has died except 3 people: Moses, Joshua, and Caleb. Moses’s brother and sister just died this year, and before the year is over Moses will too, leaving only Joshua and Caleb.

Moses will retell the first 4 books.  (So if you are behind, JUMP IN HERE).

  • Chapters 1:1-4:43 Moses will teach the new generation the History of their people
  • Chapters 4:44-28:68 Moses will explain the Law to them
  • CHapters 29:1-30:20 Moses will renew the Covenant.
  • Chapters 30:1-34:12 Moses will hand his leadership to Joshua.

It is called “the second” law since it will all be repeated.  Can I just say it is going to be so cool those who have kept up with the schedule to say “hey, I know what Moses is talking about!”  Moses is such a faithful servant to the Lord, he makes these speeches to the new generations knowing the entire time that his lack of obedience has already cost him his entry into the Land.

These addresses probably took about 7 days to recite. We will read the whole book in just 12 days.

The first 4 books of the Bible is about God choosing His people.  This book is about His people choosing God. 

Deuteronomy will end with the death of Moses.  The last scriptures will be:

“Since then, no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face, who did all those signs and wonders the Lord sent him to do in Egypt—to Pharaoh and to all his officials and to his whole land.  For no one has ever shown the mighty power or performed the awesome deeds that Moses did in the sight of all Israel.

 

Numbers

Numbers 35-36 The End!

The Levite tribe, which makes its basic living from tithes and offerings for service to God, will not receive territories like the other tribes,  However, the other tribes were to give the Levites 48 towns surrounded by pastures.  This unified the Israelites under one God by distributing the priests among them.

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Six of the towns, 3 on each side to the Jordan were designated as cities of refuge.  People that killed a person accidentally could flee to one of these cities for a fair trial.  If the person was found that it was “accidental” they could stay in the town until the High Priest died and then could return home.  However, if the person was found guilty of murder they would be executed.

So what’s with the High Priest death you ask?  Good question.  The death of the high priest atoned for the sins of the person who killed someone. The death of the high priest, therefore, had an atoning value like animal sacrifice did.

Click here for a handout.

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Inheritance of Zelophehad’s daughters.  So if you decided to jump in here is the recap from Numbers 27:

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When a man had no sons, his daughters would divide his property. If he had neither sons nor daughters,  brothers, or uncles, then the father’s nearest relative would receive the inheritance. In chapter 36,  the Lord placed a restriction on daughters who inherited their father’s estate. They had to marry within their own tribe, in order to keep the inheritance within that tribe, just as it would have remained if the father had had sons.