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The Gibeonites decided that if they could not defeat the Israelites, they would join them. Gibeon stood seven miles south of Bethel. It was one of the largest towns in the central part of Canaan, larger than Ai. The Gibeonites deceived the Israelites and pretended to fear the Lord, but their objective was to save their own lives.
So now the Israelites are stuck between a rock and a hard place when they find out about the deception. It was their fault for getting into the mess because in 9:14 it states they did not inquire of the Lord. However, they chose to honor their oath since in Numbers 30:2 God stated:
“This is what the Lord commands: When a man makes a vow to the Lord or takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word but must do everything he said.
In the end, they made the right choice:
- The Gibeonites submit to the Israelites
- The Israelites took necessary steps to keep them under their thumb by making them the workers to support the tabernacle (service to creating proper worship, not their own types of altars) 9:23
- The Gibeonites are a large group of fighting men that can be used in the conquering of the land
(Unfortunately, our first King, Saul will break this treaty and attacks them in 2 Sam. 21, bringing a judgment of famine to the Israelites. Why Saul???)
The news of the powerful Gibeonites treaty with the Israelites raises red flags to the other major cities and they ban together. Look at the map above at the yellow dots: Kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish, and Eglon (verse 10:5). However, instead of attacking the Israelites, they target the Gibeonites. The Lord honors the keeping of the oath and the Lord takes over this massive battle in 3 ways:
- Throws the enemy into confusion (10:10)
- The Lord hurled large hailstone (10:11)
- The sun stood still so they would have more time to fight in daylight. (10:12)
- First, let me say that I am warped and I thought of God throwing hail like snowballs in the scene in “Elf”
- Also, for all my science people: we know that the sun does not move, but that the Earth stood still. (But Copernicus wasn’t born yet so we are good). For those who don’t know me, I teach 6th, 7th, and 8th grade at the same time so I have to prove my worth at times 😉 In case one of my teachers reads this.
The battles we are reading appear to go quickly, but note that this is over a 7 year period. After the victory over the Amorite Kings, the Israelites conquer the major cities in the South and the North.
When you read about these battles, keep in mind ONLY the Lord could bring these victories to the Israelites. We are in the midst of the Bronze age and cities like Havor are a city that had ramparts, horses, and chariots. Joshua went back himself to burn this city. (this is, by the way, the largest archeological site in Isreal with 3 feet of ash to dig through. We continue to find artifacts, weapons, tools, and cuniform tablets that affirm these events.)