Book Overviews

Kings Overview

Just like the 1 and 2 Samuel books, and  1 and 2 Chronicles were originally one book, so were 1 and 2 KIngs (separated during translation).  1 Kings will pick up chronologically right where we left off (always a little overlap).  We are not sure who wrote the books of Kings but Jewish tradition credits Jeremiah as the person God used to pen these books.  The book is called Kings because we will read about 40 monarchs of kingdoms between the two books.

We are reading the Bible in chronological order so that we can see God’s full plan of Salvation from a History perspective.  Therefore, we will continue to weave other books in as needed to keep the timeline of history flowing.  In the month of June we will read 1 Kings, 2 Chronicles, Song of Songs, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes.   (If you need a new schedule to print click here)

The historical period 1 and 2 Kings will cover totals about 413 years.  Look at the timeline above.  King David dies and his son Solomon will become King.   Still looking at the timeline above, focus in on year 931BC.  Rehoboam becomes king if Judah and Jeroboam become king of Israel.  We went from a Theocracy (God is King), to a Monarchy (1 human king) and now we are headed to a DIVIDED Kingdom.

Before we jump in, it is important to revisit Deuteronomy 17: The Laws concerning the Kings:

The King must:

  1. He must be the one the Lord chooses
  2. He must not multiply his horses for military purposes (build riches)
  3. He must not acquire many wives
  4. He must make a copy of the Law and have it with him at all times.  He will read it every day.

As David dies the kingship will go to Solomon (just as the Lord chose).  How will he do on #2, #3, and #4??

Do you have this handout? | Bible timeline, Understanding the ...

Take a minute to look now at this timeline. Review each section in your head.  (I love this one and recommend you print it.  Click here)

The books of Kings and Chronicles show how each decision in Israel’s history had a corresponding effect on the nation. We will start off with a stable united kingdom and end with total collapse and mass deportation to Babylon.  Some parts of these books might seem dry at times but as far as World History these are two of the most important books we have in the world.

 

Psalm

Psalm 111-118

Psalm 111-112 (very similar)  These psalms of praise are “acrostic” psalms.  Each line in the Hebrew text begins with the next letter of the Hebrew alphabet (this was done with the purpose of memorizing the Psalms).  These Psalms start with “Hallelujah,” or “Praise the Lord” which unfortunately has been watered down in meaning by 2020.

Verse 10 is the Key verse to Wisdom Psalms:

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom;
    all who follow his precepts have good understanding.
    To him belongs eternal praise.

Wisdom is following the Precepts.  Anyone can read the Bible, memorize scripture, and have knowledge.  But wisdom begins with reverent fear followed by application-follow through!



Psalm 112-

There are five blessings that normally come to the righteous.

  1. righteous person (following Moses Law) receives physical and material prosperity (v. 2-3)
  2. he obtains light in his darkness (v.4).
  3. goodness comes to him for his generosity and justice (v. 5).
  4. he enjoys stability and confidence (vv. 6-8).
  5.  he gets strength and honor from the Lord because he gives to the poor

Psalm 113- This Psalm is read during the High Holy days including Passover. The Lord is worthy of praise because He graciously gives great blessings to those who have no hope of obtaining them from any other source.

Let the name of the Lord be praised,
    both now and forevermore.
3From the rising of the sun to the place where it sets,
    the name of the Lord is to be praised.


Psalm 114- Oh I like this one!  A Psalm remembering the Exodus.  Obviously, this too would be read at the Passover.  (I usually wouldn’t use the word Obviously EVER when reading the Bible….except maybe here 😉)


Psalm 115-This anonymous communal psalm of praise instructs God’s people to trust in the Lord rather than in idols. The house of Aaron in this time is the Priesthood (from Levi).  The house of Aaron today is the Priesthood (Us).


Psalm 116-If you already read all the Psalms, go back and reread this one.  The Psalmist is promising to praise him for helping him.  A recommitment.  It is really beautiful to read twice. Verse 12:

What shall I return to the Lord
    for all his goodness to me?

Well?  What was the answer in the Psalm?


Psalm 117- THIS IS THE SHORTEST PSALM- (I love those little facts).  (Did a song come to your head?…I will throw it in comments for those that are music people.)

Psalm 117

Praise the Lord, all you nations;
    extol him, all you peoples.
For great is his love toward us,
    and the faithfulness of the Lord endures forever.

Praise the Lord.


Psalm 118-

The stone the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone;
23 the Lord has done this,
and it is marvelous in our eyes.
24 The Lord has done it this very day;
let us rejoice today and be glad.

A phrase you may have heard or studies in the past.  Jesus said in Matthew 21:

42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures: (refering to Psam 118)

“‘The stone the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone;
the Lord has done this,
and it is marvelous in our eyes’[a]?

43 “Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit.

Guess what??? We start a New Book tomorrow!!!  Exciting!  1 KIngs!