Book Overviews · Obadiah

Obadiah Overview

  • Fun Fact: Obadiah, the shortest book in the Bible.
  • Obadiah means ‘servant of the Lord’.
  • Obadiah was speaking of the doom of Edom.

So who are the people of Edom? When did the “fighting” begin between the Edomites and the Israelites? Actually Genesis 25:19-

Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 22 The babies jostled each other within her, and she said, “Why is this happening to me?” 

Ever since they shared a womb! The people of Edom were the descendants of Esau.  Esau (Edomites) and Jacob (Israelites).   The Edomites never passed up an opportunity to attack or invade God’s people.  This 21 verse book will predict that the Edomites will be destroyed forever.  And so it has been.  There are two themes in this short book, Justice and Pride.

As we just read the Psalms and Proverbs we recall that God countlessly reminds us that He will eventually bring Justice, in His timing.  And as far as Pride, the capital of Edom was Petra .  Petra was a rocky mountainside just south of the dead sea.

ISRAEL & JORDAN – Christian Study Tours with Dr. House

 The Edomites would attack enemies and then retreat to this city that was virtually impregnable (I like using that word…makes me sound smart 🙂 ) because of it’s topography.  Built on the cliff of a Red mountain (I find it ironic that it was red because Esau in Hebrew meant “red”.) So they were very confident and prideful that they could attack any nation and never be attacked back.  Here is a picture of Petra and the Book of Obadiah, a message from the Lord will address them and pronounce their destruction once and for all.

Petra

Meyers Study Bible Obadiah

Book Overviews

Prophets Overview

I wasn’t planning on doing a Prophets Overview, just an overview of each Prophet book, but as I started researching I found it so interesting so I thought I would share.  A few years ago I really don’t know much about the Prophet books so I assumed they were about “predicting the future”.  Well, that is not true.

Prophecy is a message from God, and a Prophet is a person who delivers the message.  There are 17 Prophecy books.  That does not mean there were only 17 Prophets.  Actually,  there have been hundreds. Originally the term prophet was used for military and judicial leadership, for example, Moses and Deborah.  Then it was used by people who heard directly from the Lord, like Samuel.  During the Monarchy they became advisers to the Kings (like Nathan to David), and now we begin this week with prophets like Elijah and Obadiah.

So there are 2 Categories of Prophets

  •  Major Prophets
  • Minor Prophets.

What is the difference? One is major and the other is minor!  (Just Kidding).  It has NOTHING to do with importance (which I thought) it has to do with SIZE of the book.  The Minor books may be short but POWERFUL!  SO don’t get up into Heaven and try to meet the Major Prophets first and snub the Minors.  They are equal in the importance of the message.  God’s word is Sovereign, Supreme, and Ultimate regardless of the length of the message.

The period of the Prophets in the recorded books (17 in the Bible) cover about 500 years which were the Dark Ages of God’s Chosen people.  The Prophets were men whom God raised up during the dark days of Israel’s history.    The Prophet’s job was to deal with moral and religious problems and disobedience.  Sometimes a Prophet would speak of the judgment of current sin and sometimes he would speak of the future if that was the message God gave him to speak. The message of the Bible is timeless and just as applicable today as it was the day it was written. (God knew what He was writing) So are these books relevant today??

  • They are the message of God
  • Written through real-life experience
  • Speaks of human nature
  • Addresses sin

Uhhhh I would say Yes!  The Prophecy books take up the same amount of “space” in the Bible as the New Testament.  I would say God thinks of them as pretty important.

So in conclusion, we know the Babylonian Exile  (captivity) is coming up,  so the Prophets can be divided into 3 categories:

  1. Pre-captivity,
  2. during captivity,
  3. and after captivity

We would also divide them as to who the Prophet is addressing.

So the Prophets BEFORE the exile in Chronological order are Obadiah (so guess what we will be reading next), Joel, Jonah (cannot wait for the Big fish Big God story) Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, and Jeremiah (not the bullfrog).

The Prophets DURING the exile (or captivity in Babylon) are Ezekiel and Daniel.

The Prophets AFTER the return are Haggai, Zachariah,  and Malachi.

The Prophets were fearless men who denounced the sins of their day. We are judged individually and collectively as a Nation.  That’s a scary thought isn’t it.

 

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HALFWAY!!!!

Today we are HALFWAY done with reading the Bible.  Tomorrow we will be closer to the end than the beginning.  YOU DID IT! A brief explanation of all that we have read so far:

  • Genesis answers two big questions: “How did God’s relationship with the world begin?” and “Where did the nation of Israel come from?”
  • The book of Job: Satan attacks a righteous man named Job, and Job and his friends argue about why terrible things are happening to him.
  • Exodus: God saves Israel from slavery in Egypt, and then enters into a Covenant with them.
  • In Leviticus God gives Israel instructions for how to worship Him.
  • Numbers: Israel fails to trust and obey God, and wanders in the wilderness for 40 years.
  • Deuteronomy: Moses gives Israel instructions (in some ways, a recap of the laws in Exodus–Numbers) for how to love and obey God in the Promised Land.
  • Joshua (Israel’s new leader) leads Israel to conquer the Promised land, then divides out territories to the twelve tribes of Israel.
  • Judges: Israel enters a cycle of turning from God, falling captive to oppressive nations, calling out to God, and being rescued by leaders God sends their way (called “judges”).
  • Ruth: Two widows lose everything, and find hope in Israel—which leads to the birth of the future King David.
  • 1 Samuel, Israel demands a king, who turns out to be quite a disappointment.
  • 2 Samual: David, a man after God’s own heart, becomes king of Israel.
  • 1 Kings: The kingdom of Israel has a time of peace and prosperity under King Solomon, but afterward splits, and the two lines of kings turn away from God.
  • Song of Songs- A love song (or collection of love songs) celebrating love, desire, and marriage.
  • A philosophical exploration of the meaning of life—Ecclesicaties.
  • 2 Kings: Both kingdoms ignore God and his prophets, until they both fall captive to other world empires.
  • In 1 Chronicles we read a brief history of Israel from Adam to David, with David commissioning the temple of God in Jerusalem.
  • We also read 150 Psalms that Israel sang to God (and to each other)—kind of like a hymnal for the ancient Israelites.
  • And meditated on the Proverbs: a collection of sayings written to help people make wise decisions that bring about justice.

We have 20 books (some very short, 1-day reads) left of the Old Testament and then we turn the page to the Gospel.

Do you have this handout? | Bible timeline, Understanding the ...

If you need a copy of the schedule because you hate waiting for me to post 🙂 Click here

There is a Handouts section on the website of any cool visuals we have used if you need to reference them at any time.

I know many of you are reading but don’t comment BUT if you want to make me smile, you will write in comments 1 thing you learned reading this year that you did not know before 2020 began,  I would be so happy.

 

2 Chronicles

2 Chonicles 19-23

Yes, we are overlapping (repeating) stories again.  Same stories told from different views.

5 chapters today…but not hard!  You got this!

When we see it is just a Chronicles read, we know it is primarily going to concentrate on the tribe of Judah.  Remember Ezra is writing this book as a History lesson for the people that will return to rebuild a temple.  Looking back on the history they are going to want to trace the covenant line of “their” people, so that will be the tribe of Judah.

As I am reading I am doing some memory recall.  Just in case you jumped in late (or just need it) here are some things that make this reading crystal clear:

Chapter 19:

What makes sense now that we have read for 6 months:

  • Jehosaphat lives in Jerusalem- He is the king of the tribe Judah, Judah and Israel split like a civil war.  Judah is the covenant line to bring forth the Messiah-so their capital in Jerusalem.  That makes sense. (the Northern tribe’s capital is Samaria.)
  • He appointed Judges- Dueteromomy 16:18- The king is to appoint Judges to help him rule the land. Makes sense.
  • Priests are only to be from the tribe of Levi. (Levites).  And the HIGH priest MUST come from Aaron’s family (Moses’ Brother) Makes sense. Click here for a visual handout.  Look for Amariah.

Chapter 20

  • The Moabites and the Ammonites.  Who are they?  Go way back to the story of Sodom and Gomorrah.  Genesis 19:30-18.  When Lot fled with his daughters, they did not have a man to create a family so they got him (their father) drunk and made a baby with him.  The children born grew the nations Moabites and Ammonites. Makes sense.
  • When Jehoshaphat stood in front of the assembly he was committing the situation to God and recalled Solomon’s prayer from 2 Chronicles 6 and of course Psalm 136:

“Give thanks to the Lord,
    for his love endures forever.”

  • The Bible never hides the faults of every man/woman God used (gives me hope for my own life).  Jehoshaphat was a fantastic king but he too had his faults.  He did make another alliance forbidden in the Law (Exodus 23), this time with Ahaziah, whose ways were wicked.  So what they built together God destroyed. Makes perfect sense.

Let’s break down chapter 21…You can’t make this stuff up!!

Look at the drop from Jehoshaphat to Jehoram…the apple fell FAR from the tree.  The new king of Judah marries Ahab and Jezebel’s daughter.  What??  Ohhhh the humanity!  His father brought a huge revival to the nation by teaching the scriptures and trusting the Lord and his son marries the daughter of the most notorious Baal worshiper? (I am going to skim over 21:8 Edom and Libnah revolt, we will talk about that later this week)

Elijah the prophet writes him a letter. This is the only record we have of a prophet from the Northern Kingdom rebuking a king of the Southern Kingdom. (All the other prophets God sent to the Judah were from Judah). The letter stated:

  1. You have not followed in the footsteps of your father or grandfather
  2. You instead followed the ways of your horrible in-laws-Ahab’s family
  3. You murdered your whole family, and they were better than you
  4. The Lord will punish you by striking down your family (all except 1)
  5. And Last but not least, you are going to sit on the “throne” and poop the rest of your days.

Look at #4.  Why except 1?

 Not a son was left to him except Ahaziah, the youngest.

God made a Covenant in 2 Samuel 7 that the line of David will bring the Messiah.  If the Lord had not left him one son to carry the kingship…the Covenant would have been broken.

Jehoram- end of the chapter:

 He passed away, to no one’s regret, and was buried in the City of David, but not in the tombs of the kings.



Chapter 22 and 23:

I refer to this visual a lot obviously (worth printing in the handout section).  How can his sons be worse???

Ahaziah, who is his mother?

2 Chronicles 21 - Jehoram's Poor Marriage Choice | Bible study ...

His mom is Athalia.  His grandmother is Jezebel.

“He too followed the ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother encouraged him to act wickedly. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, as the house of Ahab had done, for after his father’s death they became his advisers, to his undoing. He also followed their counsel when he went with Joram son of Ahab king of Israel to wage war against Hazael king of Aram at Ramoth Gilead.”

The irony!  Their grandfathers made an alliance and did the same thing at the same place years ago!

Then I read this:   He was brought to Jehu and put to death….While Jehu was executing judgment on the house of Ahab, he found the officials of Judah and the sons of Ahaziah’s relatives, who had been attending Ahaziah, and he killed them. 

If he killed his sons who will be king?  What will happen to the Davidic Covenant??


THIS IS CONFUSING (for me) so let’s break it down:

When Athaliah (Jezebel’s daughter) the mother of Ahaziah  saw that her son was dead, she proceeded to destroy the whole royal family of the house of Judah (so her family line would survive and not the line of Judah). 11 But Jehosheba,[e] the daughter of King Jehoram, took Joash (her brother) son of Ahaziah and stole him away from among the royal princes who were about to be murdered and put him and his nurse in a bedroom. Because Jehosheba,[f] the daughter of King Jehoram and wife of the priest Jehoiada, was Ahaziah’s sister, she hid the child from Athaliah so she could not kill him. 12 He remained hidden with them at the temple of God for six years while Athaliah ruled the land.

So for 6 years the heir to the throne, Joash,  was hidden while Jezebel’s daughter ruled the line of Judah.  (Gives me great hope that in the mess of 2020 I know God is behind the scene knowing everything comes in His time for His glory).


OK, I lied.  I said this was not a hard read.  My head is spinning with names, but I think I drew enough arrows to have it in my head.


Chapter 23:  Picture the Priests of the Temple, huddled up making a plan (in my head it looked like a coach and his football players)

Football Clipboard with Play Diagram Stock Photo - Alamy

EVERY detail was planned out to make sure the House of David Survived, even down to making sure no blood came near the Temple.  THE LINE OF DAVID SURVIVES!!!

WOW!  What a daily read!!!