Book Overviews · Haggai

Haggai Overview for tomorrow

We are in the home stretch to the New Testament.  Less than 2 weeks to go and we have 11 days of excellent reading to do!

Let’s do some summary here so we can feel this book come alive.  There are 16 prophecy books, right?

  • 11 Before the Captivity
  • 2 During the Captivity
  • 3 After the captivity

So who are the last 3? Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi! 

So here is the 1 minute recap:

Judah (the southern nation) has been conquered by Babylon under the reign of Nebuchadnezzar.  The capital (Jerusalem) was demolished and all the plunder carried away. (586 BC).  This is called the captivity.  70 years has passed and just as prophesied a Persian King named Cyrus released the Jews to go back to the homeland but only about 50,000 go. :(   They began to rebuild the temple and after they laid the foundation the work stopped, due to pressure from the enemies.  Nothing advanced in construction for 15 years.  A new king is on the throne named Darius and 2 men began to bring a message to the people of encouragement to complete God’s work: Haggai and Zechariah.

Haggai is an elder who probably remembers the first temple.   So here is a book that I know will give you a personal message from the Lord about staying the course when it looks like you should give up on a task the Lord has given you.  Don’t let the enemy win.

Ezra

Ezra 4-6

Chapter 4-

As they were building the Temple the “enemies” that were currently living there said “We will help”.  They were liars.  They knew that the Jewish nation would become powerful again so they wanted to keep their thumb on them.  Verse 6 -12 is a “recap of the complete history of the rebuilding of the Temple. Here is a list of the Persian kings through Biblical history:

Nehemiah: The Governor - William Struse

Take a look at the letter that was written to Artaxerxes in verse 12.  Basically the letter said “If these people build their temple, they will rebel, they will stop paying taxes, and they will rebel against the king and overtake him”.  So Artaxerxes researched their history of rebellion against kings in the past and said “You’re right!”

24 Thus the work on the house of God in Jerusalem came to a standstill until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.

For years all construction stopped!


Chapter 5- There is a gap here in time.  What does God do in this gap?  He send a Word to them.  He sends Haggai and Zechariah to encourage them.

Another letter is written when they began rebuilding,  this time to Darius.  The letter simply states: We asked the Jewish people WHO gave you permission to build this Temple??  They said- King Cyrus, the king that conquered Babylon did!  AND he gave us our Temple belongings back AND he gave us money to do this!  (so can we get back to work now because even Haggai and Zechariah are helping us with this construction!)


Chapter 6: Darius researches the claims.  He found a scroll in the province of Media from Cyrus: Here is a scroll of you would like to read it for yourself 😉

Cyrus Cylinder loaned to Iran | Ferrell's Travel Blog

Darius writes back- #TrueStory!!

  • Let them rebuild the Temple…
  • oh, and wait for this..the cost will be paid for by the royal treasure!
  • AND the governor, Tatternai…stay away from the project
  • Oh and Tatternai..when I said “royal treasure” I meant from your city funds…so give them a blank check!
  • Last, “I dare anyone to interfere!  I dare you”

Verse 12- I Darius have decreed it. Let it be carried out with diligence.

If you have already read,  go back and soak up the beauty of verse 13-22.

18 And they installed the priests in their divisions and the Levites in their groups for the service of God at Jerusalem, according to what is written in the Book of Moses.

I can’t help but to think back to where they started, how far they moved from the Lord, but the Lord NEVER gave up and always promised a restoration.  So undeserved!   And here we are, all for the purpose of bringing the Messiah to the whole world.

The Passover

19 On the fourteenth day of the first month, the exiles celebrated the Passover. 20 The priests and Levites had purified themselves and were all ceremonially clean. The Levites slaughtered the Passover lamb for all the exiles, for their relatives the priests and for themselves. 21 So the Israelites who had returned from the exile ate it, together with all who had separated themselves from the unclean practices of their Gentile neighbors in order to seek the Lord, the God of Israel. 22 For seven days they celebrated with joy the Festival of Unleavened Bread, because the Lord had filled them with joy by changing the attitude of the king of Assyria so that he assisted them in the work on the house of God, the God of Israel.