Leviticus

Leviticus 26-27 The End!

When I read Chapter 26 I honestly thought to myself-“Well, if someone wanted go know what the rest of the Old Testament is going to say, they can just read this chapter and be done.  Do you think the rest of the Testament will be 1-13 or 14-39??


These are the last 2 chapters in Leviticus and it begins with two fundamental commandments, one negative and one positive:

“‘Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves, and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it. I am the Lord your God.“‘Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am the Lord.”

Tomorrow we are getting in the car, putting on the GPS, and heading toward the promise land.  After months of learning what it means to be set apart, how to live in the presence of the Lord, how to obey his commands….He gives one last recap.   It reminded me of one of my Principals (I am a teacher).  Every morning he walks by my room and says “Make Good Choices” (to me not my students!).  The ball is in their court!

‘If’ occurs nine times and it has to do with the conditions on which they occupy the land. God says ‘I will’ twenty-four times. God will act and react according to their response to the ‘if.’  Verse 14 starts with “BUT if you will not listen to me….”


We have read 3 books of the Bible (well 4, don’t forget Job) and it feels like so much more!

Genesis reveals how people can have a relationship with God. This comes through trust in God and obedience to Him. “Faith” is the key word in Genesis.

Exodus reveals that God is also sovereign. He is the ultimate ruler of the universe. Man’s response should be worship and obedience.

Leviticus reveals that God is also holy.

Tonight I will post an Overview of the next book: Numbers.  If you know someone who has fallen off the read, encourage them to pick back up tomorrow.  Share with them the Leviticus Video to catch them up.  Click here.

 

Leviticus

Leviticus 24-25

The connection of these instructions are to show that they were to worship and serve Him every day of the year, not just on appointed days. The daily burning of the lamps, and the showbread represented the daily sanctification of the people to their God.  These “lamps,” which were “on the pure gold lampstand” in the holy place, burned “continually” throughout the night, and the priests refilled them daily


Blasphemerr: This was like a ball out of left field.  I mean,  we are sitting here reading about Atonement and Sacrifices and then all of a sudden BAM we are stoning a Blasphemer.  Blashemy means:”a speaking ill, impious speech, slander,” to speak evil of.”  This event was a warning to the people of the seriousness of sanctification, just as the death of Nadab and Abihu was a similar warning to the priests. The “Name” referred to was “Yahweh,” the name by which God manifested.

The legal principle of limiting retaliation to retribution  (an eye for an eye) is called the “law of retaliation”.  In ancient Near Eastern culture, people commonly took excessive revenge.  God limited the amount of retaliation that His people could take. Before the Mosaic Law, “the code of Hammurabi”, property was often considered more important than people; property offenses such as theft were capital crimes.  In Israelite law, sins against the family and religion were most serious.


Chapter 25 concludes the laws that God gave the Israelites on Mt. Sinai. These laws regarding the Promised Land correspond to the laws Moses previously gave regarding the people of Israel. God owned both the Israelites and the land He was giving them. God taught them that He had authority over their space as well as their time and their lives. The land they were to possess belonged to God, just as they did. Therefore they were to deal with it as He specified. The laws in this chapter, which deal with the Sabbatical and Jubilee Years, focus on the restoration of the land to
fruitfulness after periods of use. These laws,  are positive, designed for the welfare of the Israelites. In fact, all of God’s laws are for the welfare of His people

Sabbatical Year: I can tell you now that years ago God pushed me to do this.  I was struggling with being a “good mom”.    We live in a culture where we really are too busy!  The days of eating at the kitchen table are left only for holidays.  One day I announced “we are taking a break”.  We did not enroll in 1 sport or club after school.  Little by little we entered back into the world of busyness but not to the point where we were.  It really was a turning point for our family.

As God ordered the people to rest every seventh day, so He ordered them to let the land rest every seventh year.
By resting, the people renewed their strength, and rejuvenated their productivity in His service. Just like a Sabbath day.

The Year of Jubilee (such a fun word to day “Jubilee”)- Anytime you hear the word redemption in scripture should catch your heart.  Before we dig into Jubilee let’s just take a minute to remember not who we are but….Whose we are.   When we are Redeemed we are going BACK to the Lord.  We were separated when sin entered the World, but there was always a plan of Redemption, Jesus.  We may have been separated from God, but we were  always His.  Just like the land, it always gets returned to the original owner.

Jubilee is a year of Restoration for ALL! Rich , Poor, Enslaved, in Bondage…All.

Leviticus

Leviticus 22-23

Chapter 22 continued from 21 (why do they do that??)

Years ago at Church our pastor told a story about a woman who had an old frozen turkey in her freezer.  She called the 800 number on the package and asked the company if the turkey was still safe to eat.  The company said it was safe to eat but probably wouldn’t taste great anymore being freezer burned.  So she donated it to a food bank for less fortunate people (in her heart she was doing something good).    I remember sitting in church crushed when I heard this.  I was the characteristic of the woman.  When a tragedy happens locally and we are asked to help out, I would go through my “gently used” items that I did not wear anymore.  What??  God gave us His son as a sacrifice! and I am giving back to God my ‘goodwill’ pile?  I am not telling you this to beat you up, but I wanted to share how the Holy Spirit uses books like Leviticus to remind me that we are to present our very best in the name of the Lord (in everything we do).

Chapter 23: I already have 1 printable in the handout section but here are 2 more in case you wanted something different.

Click here to Print

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Click here to print

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The Israelites observed a lunar year, which contains 354 days. Lunar months have 29 and 30 days alternately, and begin with the appearance of the “new moon.”

Sabbath: a weekly observance (“appointed time”), in contrast to the other “convocations” that occurred only once a year. The Israelites did not assemble around the tabernacle, but observed the day in their own tent.

Mark 2:27-28  “Then he said to them, the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 28 So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

Passover and Unleavened Bread:  Verse 4 introduces the annual “appointed times”.  The Sabbath could be observed anywhere,  even at home. Three special occasions required attendance at the sanctuary for participation.  Passover: commemorated God’s deliverance of Israel from Egyptian slavery. (Exodus 12)  Jesus died as the Lamb ON Passover Day.  That is AMAZING! Passover was one of the three feasts that all the adult males in Israel had to attend, along with the feasts of Pentecost and Tabernacles.  These three feasts remind us of the death of Christ, the resurrection of Christ, and the return of Christ.

Unleavened Bread: The day after the Passover marked the beginning of the seven-day “Feast of Unleavened Bread”.

Offering the first fruits: The day following Passover’s Sabbath was a time to give the first fruits of the harvest to God. The idea was to dedicate the first ripened stalks of grain to God, in anticipation of a greater harvest to come.

The Festival if Weeks: This festival had several names: “Harvest,” “Weeks”, “First fruits,” and “Pentecost” . Fifty days after Passover, namely: the day after the end of the seventh week. “Pentecost” means “fiftieth” day. This “feast” was a thanksgiving festival, and it lasted one day. The people offered God their “first fruits” of the spring harvest, as a thanks offering for His provision of their physical and spiritual needs.  PLEASE see how awesome God is.  So in this difficult book of Leviticus are some of the coolest gems!!  God put a festival on the calendar that required “public assembly” so many people from all over the world (for first time readers know that after being exiled out of their land God scatters His people…with a purpose) would be required to gather SO THAT 50 days after the Passover people from many countries would be gathered to witness the pouring out of the Holy Spirit and then return to their homes and spread the Good News!!


Before we go any further…are you seeing the 7’s.   This whole book was filled with them, even the various laws were grouped by 7 or 7×2 or 7×3.. BUT this one is too cool not to point out. During the seventh month of Israel’s religious calendar, three “holy convocations” took place. Not only was the seventh day special (v. 3), but so were the seventh week (vv. 15-22), the seventh month, the seventh year (25:1-7), and the forty-ninth (seven times seven) year (25:8-55).


The festival of Trumpets: The Feast of Trumpets began on the first day (at the new moon) of the seventh month. It is also called Rosh Hashanah, which means “Head of the Year,” because it marks the beginning of the Jewish civil calendar. During this celebration, no kind of work was to be performed, but burnt offerings and a sin offering were to be brought before the Lord.   The blowing of the trumpets on first day of the month heralded a solemn time of preparation for the Day of Atonement; this preparation time was called “Ten Days of Repentance” or the “Days of Awe.” 

Day of Atonement.  We covered this, but if you are jumping in go back to Ch 16.  But take a look at the charts and see how this is will be fulfilled. This day will be the Second Coming of Christ.

 The Festival of Tabernacles: During this convocation, the Israelites’ looked backward to the land of their slavery, and forward to the Promised Land of blessing. Its other names were the “Feast of Booths” and the “Feast of Ingathering”.   The Jewish people call it Sukkot. The people built booths out of branches, and lived under these for the duration of this eight-day festival, as a reminder of their life in the wilderness.  It was the only festival in which God commanded the Israelites to “rejoice,” and it revolved around the harvest of grapes and other agriculture. God designed this feast primarily as a time of anticipation, not just reflection. Similarly, our worship as Christians should include the element of anticipation, as we look forward to entering into all of what God has promised us in the future.  (Look at your chart)


Leviticus does not mention the “Feast of Purim”, that the Jewish people added to their calendar later (Esther) and the  “Feast of Dedication” (Hanukkah).  I cannot wait to talk about those!

 

 

 

 

Leviticus

Leviticus 19-21 Wed

“You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.” 

As you begin to read I think you might say “Hey, these all fit into one of the 10 commandments”.

The first and last section deal with a person’s relationship to God ( 3-8, 32-36), and the second and fourth with one’s relationship with others (9-18, 30- 31). The central section deals with man’s relationship to himself (19-29).  I once took a study on ” chiastics” to find these patters and it wasn’t for me (I never went past the first class,  I would rather be getting cavities filled) Did I just say that out loud?

All of chapter 19 is important, and if this is your first time reading the Bible, look forward to your second time…because you will see things like 19:9 about leaving the edge of your field and say “Ohhhh that’s what Ruth was doing!”  HOWEVER, which command in all of Chapter 19 was the one most quoted by Jesus? (If your Bible has cross references in the margin, you should see it immediately.  Write your guess in comments.


Let’s talk about the elephant in the room.

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If you are looking for a black and white answer on whether it is ok to get a tattoo, you are not going to get one from me.  That’s your decision.   I find it funny that very few Americans read a Bible BUT most of us know a scripture in Leviticus.  People’s take on it varies:

  • We are not under the law anymore, we’re under grace.
  • This passage speaks of an ancient pagan Egyptian practice and not to modern tattooing practices.
  • It’s okay if your tattoo honors the Lord, etc.

If you have the time to search Pinterest for tattoo ideas Elliot (my daughter) since you are turning 18 this summer, then you have time to research Leviticus 19:28 😉


Chapter 20

The previous two chapters specify correct behavior. This one talks about the consequences for disobedience. It helps us recognize  how seriously God regards sin.  I have rewritten this section 50 times…I am just going to leave it at that.


Chapter 21 (continued tomorrow into Chapter 22) Rules for Priests:

These chapters tell us

  •  what the priest must not do
  • must not be
  • must not offer

More importantly, they are to be set apart, Holy.  They are to properly represent God.  Always look for Jesus on every page.  Jesus completely fulfills all of the Tabernacle rituals so that we, as believers become His Priesthood.

1 Peter 2:

As you come to him, the living Stone—rejected by humans but chosen by God and precious to him— you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house  to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

 

But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s special possession, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light. 10 Once you were not a people, but now you are the people of God; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.

 

Leviticus

Leviticus 16-18

In Geneses 3 we began talking about Atonement.  The covering of sin only God makes through a substitute, a sacrifice.  God appointed a yearly sacrifice to cleanse all the sins and impurities, not covered by the other sacrifices, that the Israelites committed ignorantly.    Stop where you are and read Hebrews 9.  Click here of you are not near a Bible.

The Day of Atonement took place six months after the Passover. These two  festivals were a half a year apart.   As for as modern day application for Jewish people, it is called Yom Kippur.  For Christians, it is one of the 3 Feasts not fulfilled yet.  (Look back at your handouts)

Moses received instructions regarding the Day of Atonement, immediately after the judgment of Nadab and Abihu.  The high priest had to make elaborate preparations for entering the Holy of Holies, by cleansing himself both spiritually and physically. The offerings he made were a bull as a “sin offering” and a ram as a “burnt offering,” both to cover his own sins. He also had to wear a special uniform, not the ornate garments that he usually wore to carry out his regular duties.

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Then he “cast lots” (like rolling die, so the Lord made the decision, not the priest) to decide which of the “two goats” would die as a sin offering for the people, and which one would be sent as “the scapegoat” (the guilt of the sin) into the wilderness.  The sacrificed goat perished and the scapegoat took away the impurities and sins to the wilderness. The sacrificed goat is a picture of Jesus, the scapegoat frees us from the guilt of our sins.

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(Now the only problem was that this goat sometimes wandered back into the Israelites’ camp, which nobody wanted to see because it was like having their sins come back on them. Supposedly, the person who led the goat into the wilderness often took the goat to a cliff and pushed it off. That’s a picture of complete redemption—the guilt never showed up again.)  Lots of self reflection here for application.


Leviticus 17—26 is called the Holiness Code.  “Be Holy because I am Holy”

This section  begins with people  sacrificing to “goat idols,” which is similar to the golden calf incident in Exod. 32. The high priest was responsible for the golden calf apostasy, but the Israelites were personally responsible for the goat idol worship here.

The “goat idol” was a “god” that the Egyptians and other ancient Near Easterners worshiped. It was supposedly responsible for the fertility of the people, their herds, and their crops.  I am not going to go into details but people wonder why it specifically states not to have sex with animals…these were pagan rituals they brought with them from Egypt and existed in Canaan where they are headed.  These poor goats!


“Blood” is  life.

Since God forbade “eating blood” way before the the Law given to Moses (Genesis 9:4), people today should also refrain from eating it (I am not talking about Outback Steakhouse).  In Moses day, the pagans superstitiously linked blood consumption with acquiring divine powers (who saw the “eating of the heart” episode on G.O.T.?)  Same concept.

“The faithful worshiper of the living God must preserve the
sanctity of sacrificial blood, recognizing that life (signified by
blood) belongs to God.”


CHAPTER 18. Chapter 18 has bookends.

1-5  The Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘I am the Lord your God. You must not do as they do in Egypt, where you used to live, and you must not do as they do in the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you. Do not follow their practices. You must obey my laws and be careful to follow my decrees. I am the Lord your God. Keep my decrees and laws, for the person who obeys them will live by them. I am the Lord.

30: Keep my requirements and do not follow any of the detestable customs that were practiced before you came and do not defile yourselves with them. I am the Lord your God.’”

The Israelites moved from one idolatrous county and are heading to the next.  The culture of these nations were worldly desires as well as idol worshiping.

I don’t think you will need help understanding most of these commands but I want to point out one.  18:21 the Molek or Molech (depending on your version).  Moloch was a statue with the head of a bull and arms out-stretched as a representation of him receiving the children being sacrificed. “Molech, was a Canaanite god (actually translated ‘king’, often represented by a bronze image with a bull’s head and outstretched arms. The idol was usually hollow, and workers would build a fire in it.   The Canaanites then would pass a young child or infant through the fire or place them in it, as sacrifices for worship.

18th century German illustration

 

As we get deeper into the Bible, you can put  Baal, Ashtoreth and Molech all in the same category.  I am often amazed that even as pagans we are are built with an innate natural instinct to know deep inside us that “someone” must be sacrificed…sad they missed this one for a Jesus.

Leviticus

Leviticus 14-15

2 chapters.  Amen.

If you don’t feel like reading this post, let me put the conclusion at the top:

What is that passage talking about? It’s talking about our own state of sanctification and the enjoyment of the presence of God.  Those who are covered in sin, who are contaminated by the fall, cannot enjoy unhindered fellowship with God. They cannot enjoy the blessing of the presence of God, and so, what has to happen? They have to be declared clean.


Matthew 8- “When Jesus came down from the mountainside, large crowds followed him. A man with leprosy  came and knelt before him and said, “Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean.”  Jesus reached out his hand and touched the man. “I am willing,” he said. “Be clean!” Immediately he was cleansed of his leprosy. Then Jesus said to him, “See that you don’t tell anyone. But go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.”


Psalm 24

1 The earth is the Lord’s, and everything in it,
    the world, and all who live in it;
for he founded it on the seas
    and established it on the waters.

Who may ascend the mountain of the Lord?
    Who may stand in his holy place?
The one who has clean hands and a pure heart,
    who does not trust in an idol
    or swear by a false god.


We need to consider a few things when we read:

  • This tabernacle is portable.  Why? Because it is the blueprint for the Temple, where God will dwell.  Canaan (The Promise Land) is the destination on the GPS (pillar of fire and the cloud).  This is a pagan land,  filled with pagan rituals that include blood, sacrifices,  and sex.  God will need to set His people apart.
  • Leprosy and other skin diseases were often synonyms for Sin.  From the surface  of the skin (rashes), to our deepest self (discharge that leaks out).  It will all be seen by the High Priest.
  • Hygiene- still related to sin.  It can be contagious! Who you keep close will either contaminate you or you will infect them.  You can make application to these chapters.
  • The cleaning of items in the house.  What is the contaminate in your home that breeds sin?

Now the geeky part of the blog:

I am including chapter 13 in this post since I really didn’t address it yesterday, but self-reflect for your own application.  This section of Leviticus talks about  four things:

  1. symptoms
  2. the priestly inspection
  3. the basis of the priest’s diagnosis
  4. the diagnosis itself and the consequences

The priests had the responsibility of distinguishing between the clean and the unclean, plus they had to teach the people the difference.  Leprosy as representing sin resulted in the leper’s separation both from God and from other people. In many respects, leprosy and sin were similar in both their character and consequences.

The priests were the public health officers, but they served in their priestly capacity. Israel was a holy nation, and even her cleansing from sickness was done with religious ceremony. Sickness was symbolic of sin, and even now it should not be forgotten that sickness and death are part of God’s curse on the sin of Adam. Therefore, cleansing the diseased person required sacrifices.

The steps in the leper’s cleansing and restoration are a picture to us what Jesus Christ has done for sinners.  Don’t miss 14:3

The priest is to go outside the camp and examine them. 

Jesus meets them AS the sinner.  Then who makes the sacrifice, clothes them,  and washes them clean? The PRIEST.

Listen, I know this was a hard read but there are some really cool details…like the scarlet thread at the end of Chapter 14.


I leave you with this to read: Hebrews 10:19ff

19 Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near to God with a sincere heart and with the full assurance that faith brings, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water…

26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. 28 Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29 How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace? 

 

 

Leviticus

Leviticus 11-13

leviticus cartoon

NOW you know why I said this was the Leviticus graveyard!  I love the Bible but that was not interesting at all (if it was to you, I am not sure we can be friends!).  Just in case this is the only time you will commit to reading this book, let’s attempt to chew on it.  Ha!  Get it?

Leviticus divides the animal world into three kinds: unclean animals that cannot be eaten; clean animals that can be eaten; clean animals that can be eaten and also serve as animals for sacrifices.

I have researched commentaries and I have found various reasons:

  • The reason the Israelites were to regard some animals as unclean, was that the pagans used them in their worship and associated them with their gods.
  • Some scholars hold the view that the unclean animals were unfit to eat because they carried diseases or were unhealthful.
  • There is a symbolic view. This view sees the behavior and habits of the clean animals as illustrating how the Israelites were to behave. The unclean animals represented sinful people.

One article I read stated:

“Although God did not reveal the specific reasons some animals may be eaten and others must be avoided, we can make generalized conclusions based on the animals included in the two categories.  In listing the animals that should not be eaten, God forbids the consumption of scavengers and carrion eaters, which devour other animals for their food.

Animals such as pigs, bears, vultures and raptors can eat (and thrive) on decaying flesh. Predatory animals such as wolves, lions, leopards and cheetahs most often prey on the weakest (and at times the diseased) in animal herds.

When it comes to sea creatures, bottom dwellers such as lobsters and crabs scavenge for dead animals on the sea floor. Shellfish such as oysters, clams and mussels similarly consume decaying organic matter that sinks to the sea floor, including sewage.

A common denominator of many of the animals God designates as unclean is that they routinely eat flesh that would sicken or kill human beings. When we eat such animals we partake of a food chain that includes things harmful to people.” 

Because God is holy, He required that His people make distinctions that separated them from unclean things.  This would account for the laws that required separation—morally, ethically, and even symbolically—from anything associated with pagan life and worship.

So what about today??  The NT teaches that the OT food laws are no longer binding on the Christian.  (Acts 11, but you need Acts 10 to get the full picture)


Childbirth: So let’s clarify: there is moral uncleanness and ritual uncleanness.  Childbirth obviously falls into the second.  Childbirth was not fully understood, but there were so many “theories” that went with woman’s ability to make a child.  Even though it was regarded as a miracle from God, the blood after childbirth was “magical” in pagan rituals (I can see this as an episode in Game of Thrones!), but also, to the Israelites blood was symbolic of death and a menstrual cycle is no different.  There is also an aspect of hygiene for the woman as well as the camp.


Just when you thought the reading was tough we move to 59 verses regarding skin diseases!  If God dedicated 59 verses to it, it must be important.  Wait……nooooooo…….I peeked at tomorrow’s read.  Oh my stars. We will tackle skin tomorrow.  Just get through this!  Because we are about to turn a corner into the “Standard” for Living a Holy Life and you are going to hang on every word and I am going to try to filter my humor the best I can. 😂

This blog was dedicated to my loving husband. Lev 13:40-

“A man who has lost his hair and is bald is clean.  If he has lost his hair from the front of his scalp and has a bald forehead, he is clean”

Leviticus

Leviticus 8-10

I know that this might be the only time you read Leviticus word for word (or skim for skim 😉) and I apologize for not putting 100% into yesterday’s post.  I have recently taken on a second school and last Saturday (not sure if you noticed how late the blog was posted) my daughter took a hard fall down the stairs and broke her back.  I am telling you all this NOT for sympathy,  because I want you to know that I made a commitment to this for God.

When I read these chapters and all that the Israelites had to do to be in fellowship with the Lord, my life really isn’t as busy as I make it out to be!   I am committed and I am not too busy for this commitment.  I am going to redeem yesterday’s lack of effort for hopefully a better one today (a guilt offering on my part).

Read Leviticus from God’s perspective NOT ours!

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Chapter 8:

The consecration ceremonies involved many of the sacrifices just described. The priesthood constituted the fulfillment of God’s commands recorded in Exodus 28—29 and 40. Almost every verse in chapter 8 is a quotation  first given in Exodus 29. Chapter 9 restates less detailed summaries of the laws in Leviticus 1—7.   If you have time go back and look for the pattern:  Underline the phrase:

 “as the Lord commanded him” occurs 16 times in this read!

Unlike me who hears a church sermon and usually behaves badly before lunch (or in parking lot traffic).

Until now, Israel followed the custom common in the ancient Near East that the father of a family functioned as the priest for his family (we saw this at the beginning of Job, and through the Patriarchs). The Levites as a tribe now assumed this role for the families of Israel, under the leadership of Aaron and his sons. The nation as a whole lost the privilege of being a “kingdom of priests” at Mt. Sinai, when they worshiped the golden calf. The main function of the priests in Israel was to guard and protect the holiness of God.

God specified certain garments for Aaron that distinguished him from everyone else. Looks like Aaron’s family were volunteer fireman too! 😂

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The “anointing” of the tabernacle and the priests signified their sanctification, whereby God set them apart for holy purposes.

The number seven  is referenced in the ritual.  Seven is the Covenant number meaning “complete” beginning with the seven days of creation.  The consecration/ordination lasted “seven days.” During this time, the priests were not to leave the tabernacle courtyard for 7 days and nights. Their role during their seven-day ordination was that of worshipers rather than priests.

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Nadab and Abihu!

The Bible did not explain Nadab and Abihu’s exact offense.  However, the “unauthorized fire” violated God’s will. It may have involved assuming the role of the high priest or an offering contrary to God’s commands ( most likely to included an “incense” offering because it involved the censers)   The incident took place on the eighth day.  The fire that consumed Nadab and Abihu was directly from the Lord.  Notice they were already dead and then fire came out of the presence of the Lord and consumed them!

Aaron and his surviving sons were not to demonstrate any dissatisfaction with God’s judgment, but God permitted the people mourn.  Eleazar and Ithamar  replaced their older brothers.  Click here if you want to print the below.

Family Tree

Leviticus

Leviticus 5-7

Guilt Offering: This is also called the trespass offering.  I actually “listened” to today’s read rather than read it.  Why?  Because it was so boring (feeling a little guilty about saying that) that I found myself skimming way too much.  So when I listened to it I heard one word repeated: “Restitution”.  This act removed the guilt of certain sins that involved
trespassing or “sinning”  against God. The Hebrew word ‘asham, translated “guilt,” also means “reparation or restitution.” Guilt in the biblical sense is not just a feeling but a condition. There may be known transgressions that bring feelings of guilt, but there is also the condition of guilt before God, caused by sins known or unknown. Sometimes a hardened sinner has few feelings of guilt when he is the most guilty. (I call it rationalizing our sin!)  Ouch.

OK, so now this chapter isn’t as boring as I thought.  I have to go make restitution because I am guilty of skimming and I need to reread.


I got to Chapter 6 and 7:  thought “didn’t we read this already?”  We were reading about how WE offer the sacrifice, this next section is the about the priests requirements at the offering.  The priests were given a portion to eat since they were working day and night.